Universiti Teknologi Malaysia Institutional Repository

Physicochemical characteristics of surface modified Dijah-Monkin bentonite

Alexander, Jock Asanja and Ahmad Zaini, Muhammad Abbas and Abdulsalam, Surajudeen and El-Nafaty, Usman Aliyu and Aroke, Umar Omeiza (2016) Physicochemical characteristics of surface modified Dijah-Monkin bentonite. Particulate Science and Technology . pp. 1-11. ISSN 0272-6351 (In Press)

Full text not available from this repository.

Official URL: https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2....


The aim of this study was the evaluation of the physicochemical characteristics of surface modified Dijah-Monkin bentonite clay. The clay was modified by calcination and treatment with hydrochloric acid. The natural and modified clays were characterized by x-ray fluorescence (XRF), Fourier transform infrared (FTIR), x-ray diffraction (XRD), electron dispersive x-ray (EDX), thermogravimetric analysis (TG), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), elemental composition, cation exchange capacity (CEC), Brunauer–Emmett–Teller (BET) specific surface area and methylene blue adsorption. The XRF displayed the presence of SiO2 and Al2O3 in the range of 61.6–65.6 wt% and 19.4–21.7 wt%, respectively. The FTIR spectra showed the existence of Al–OH, Al–O, Si–O, and Si–O–Si functional groups in all clay samples, confirming the presence of hydrated aluminosilicate in the clay. The BET surface area decreased from 23.5 to 17.1 m2/g after acid treatment, while the CEC of clay samples range between 40.7 and 20.2 mEq/100 g. The minerals present in clays are montmorillonite, quartz, kaolinite, and muscouvite. The maximum methylene blue adsorption were estimated as 59, 48, and 45.8 mg/g for natural, calcined, and acidified bentonite, respectively. The structural formula for one-layer unit of montmorillonite was determined as K0.722Ca0.155[Si7.686]iv[Al3.054Ti0.113(Formula presented.)]viO20(OH)4. The natural Dijah-Monkin bentonite is a promising adsorbent candidate for the removal of charged pollutants.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Bentonite, clay mineral, physicochemical characterization, structural formula, surface modification
Subjects:T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions:Petroleum and Renewable Energy Engineering
ID Code:72795
Deposited By: Fahmi Moksen
Deposited On:20 Nov 2017 07:58
Last Modified:20 Nov 2017 07:58

Repository Staff Only: item control page