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Extreme structural response values from various methods of simulating wave kinematics

Mohd. Zaki, N. I. and Abu Husain, M. K. and Najafian, G. (2016) Extreme structural response values from various methods of simulating wave kinematics. Ships and Offshore Structures, 11 (4). pp. 369-384. ISSN 1744-5302

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In offshore engineering, the main forces that are loaded onto ocean structures come from wind-generated random waves. The prediction of wave forces that are applied onto slender cylindrical members is usually based on the Morison's equation, in which the wave force at any section of a member is expressed directly in terms of wave kinematics. It is essential to be able to estimate sensible kinematics at all levels of a structure to determine accurate prediction of wave forces and corresponding responses of these structures in a random wave field. Linear random wave theory (LRWT) is the simplest and most often used to simulate water particle kinematics at different nodes of an offshore structure from a reference surface elevation record. However, water particle kinematics calculated from LRWT grossly overpredicts the kinematics above the mean water level (MWL). Methods have been introduced to overcome this problem of high kinematics above the MWL, which consists of using linear wave theory (such as Wheeler, vertical stretching, effective node elevation and effective water depth methods) to provide a more realistic representation of near-surface wave kinematics. This is promising as there is some evidence that the water particle kinematics from the Wheeler method are underestimated and that those from the vertical stretching method are somewhat exaggerated. In this paper, the comparisons of the probability distributions of extreme values from different methods of simulation wave kinematics are investigated by using conventional time simulation procedure.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Intelligent systems, Kinematics, Offshore structures, Probability distributions, Surface waves, Water levels, Accurate prediction, Conventional time simulations, Cylindrical members, Linear random waves, Offshore engineering, Structural response, Surface zones, Water particle kinematics, Monte Carlo methods
Subjects:T Technology > T Technology (General)
Divisions:Razak School of Engineering and Advanced Technology
ID Code:72537
Deposited By: Haliza Zainal
Deposited On:27 Nov 2017 01:30
Last Modified:27 Nov 2017 01:30

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