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A review on bisphenol A occurrences, health effects and treatment process via membrane technology for drinking water

Muhamad, M. S. and Salim, M. R. and Lau, W. J. and Yusop, Z. (2016) A review on bisphenol A occurrences, health effects and treatment process via membrane technology for drinking water. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 23 (12). pp. 11549-11567. ISSN 0944-1344

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Massive utilization of bisphenol A (BPA) in the industrial production of polycarbonate plastics has led to the occurrence of this compound (at μg/L to ng/L level) in the water treatment plant. Nowadays, the presence of BPA in drinking water sources is a major concern among society because BPA is one of the endocrine disruption compounds (EDCs) that can cause hazard to human health even at extremely low concentration level. Parallel to these issues, membrane technology has emerged as the most feasible treatment process to eliminate this recalcitrant contaminant via physical separation mechanism. This paper reviews the occurrences and effects of BPA toward living organisms as well as the application of membrane technology for their removal in water treatment plant. The potential applications of using polymeric membranes for BPA removal are also discussed. Literature revealed that modifying membrane surface using blending approach is the simple yet effective method to improve membrane properties with respect to BPA removal without compromising water permeability. The regeneration process helps in maintaining the performances of membrane at desired level. The application of large-scale membrane process in treatment plant shows the feasibility of the technology for removing BPA and possible future prospect in water treatment process.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:drinking water, endocrine disruptor, feasibility study, future prospect, literature review, membrane, organic compound, performance assessment, plastic, pollutant, pollutant removal, public health, water treatment, 4,4 isopropylidenediphenol, artificial membrane, benzhydryl derivative, drinking water, phenol derivative, water pollutant, analysis, animal, artificial membrane, human, procedures, toxicity, water management, water pollutant, Animals, Benzhydryl Compounds, Drinking Water, Humans, Membranes, Artificial, Phenols, Water Pollutants, Chemical, Water Purification
Subjects:G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GB Physical geography
Divisions:Water Research Alliance
ID Code:72460
Deposited By: Narimah Nawil
Deposited On:26 Nov 2017 11:37
Last Modified:26 Nov 2017 11:37

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