Universiti Teknologi Malaysia Institutional Repository

Mixed convection boundary layer flow about an isothermal sphere in a micropolar fluid

Nazar, Roslinda and Amin, Norsarahaida and Pop, Ioan (2003) Mixed convection boundary layer flow about an isothermal sphere in a micropolar fluid. International Journal of Thermal Sciences, 42 (3). pp. 283-293. ISSN 1290-0729

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1290-0729(02)00027-3


The steady mixed convection boundary layer flow of a micropolar fluid about a sphere with a constant surface temperature is considered for both the assisting and opposing flow cases. The transformed conservation equations of the non-similar boundary layers are solved numerically using a very efficient finite-difference method known as the Keller-box scheme. Numerical results are presented for different values of the material and mixed convection parameters K and λ, respectively, and with the Prandtl number Pr = 0.7 and 7. It is found that assisting flow (λ > 0) delays separation of the boundary layer and can, if the assisting flow is strong enough, suppress it completely. The opposing flow (λ<0), on the other hand, brings the separation point nearer to the lower stagnation point of the sphere and for sufficiently strong opposing flows there will not be a boundary layer on the sphere. Some results were given in the form of tables. Such tables are very important and they can serve as a reference against which other exact or approximate solutions can be compared in the future

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Micropolar fluid, mixed convection, boundary layer, isothermal sphere, numerical results
Subjects:Q Science > QA Mathematics
ID Code:7237
Deposited By: Nur Amal Zakiah Shamsudin
Deposited On:02 Jan 2009 01:03
Last Modified:02 Jan 2009 01:03

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