Universiti Teknologi Malaysia Institutional Repository

Transformational leadership, empowerment, and job satisfaction: the mediating role of employee empowerment

Choi, S. L. and Goh, C. F. and Adam, M. B. H. and Tan, O. K. (2016) Transformational leadership, empowerment, and job satisfaction: the mediating role of employee empowerment. Human Resources for Health, 14 (1). ISSN 1478-4491

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Abstract

Background: Recent studies have revealed that nursing staff turnover remains a major problem in emerging economies. In particular, nursing staff turnover in Malaysia remains high due to a lack of job satisfaction. Despite a shortage of healthcare staff, the Malaysian government plans to create 181 000 new healthcare jobs by 2020 through the Economic Transformation Programme (ETP). This study investigated the causal relationships among perceived transformational leadership, empowerment, and job satisfaction among nurses and medical assistants in two selected large private and public hospitals in Malaysia. This study also explored the mediating effect of empowerment between transformational leadership and job satisfaction. Methods: This study used a survey to collect data from 200 nursing staff, i.e., nurses and medical assistants, employed by a large private hospital and a public hospital in Malaysia. Respondents were asked to answer 5-point Likert scale questions regarding transformational leadership, employee empowerment, and job satisfaction. Partial least squares-structural equation modeling (PLS-SEM) was used to analyze the measurement models and to estimate parameters in a path model. Statistical analysis was performed to examine whether empowerment mediated the relationship between transformational leadership and job satisfaction. Results: This analysis showed that empowerment mediated the effect of transformational leadership on the job satisfaction in nursing staff. Employee empowerment not only is indispensable for enhancing job satisfaction but also mediates the relationship between transformational leadership and job satisfaction among nursing staff. Conclusions: The results of this research contribute to the literature on job satisfaction in healthcare industries by enhancing the understanding of the influences of empowerment and transformational leadership on job satisfaction among nursing staff. This study offers important policy insight for healthcare managers who seek to increase job satisfaction among their nursing staff.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:adult, behavior, female, health care personnel, human, job satisfaction, leadership, Malaysia, male, nurse, nursing staff, personnel management, public hospital, young adult, Adult, Female, Health Personnel, Hospitals, Public, Humans, Job Satisfaction, Leadership, Malaysia, Male, Nurses, Nursing Staff, Hospital, Personnel Management, Personnel Turnover, Power (Psychology), Young Adult
Subjects:H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor > HD28 Management. Industrial Management
Divisions:Management
ID Code:71808
Deposited By: Narimah Nawil
Deposited On:16 Nov 2017 13:46
Last Modified:16 Nov 2017 13:46

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