Universiti Teknologi Malaysia Institutional Repository

Solder joint fatigue in a surface-mount assembly subjected to mechanical loading

Tamin, M. N. and Liew, Y. B. and Wagiman, A. N. R. and Loh, Y. K. (2005) Solder joint fatigue in a surface-mount assembly subjected to mechanical loading. In: Proceedings of 7th Electronics Packaging Technology Conference, EPTC 2005 .

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A mechanical approach employing cyclic twisting deformation to a surface mount assembly is examined as an alternative to temperature cycling for evaluating solder joints fatigue performance. This highly accelerated test is aimed at reducing solder joint reliability testing cycle time. In this study, the mechanics of solder joints in a surface mount assembly subjected to cyclic twisting deformation on the PCB is investigated. For this purpose, a test package with 24 by 24 peripheral-array solder joints is modeled using the finite element method. Unified inelastic strain theory defines the strain-rate-dependent plastic stress-strain response of the 60Sn-40Pb solder. Cyclic twisting deformation in the range of ±1° at a rate of 120 seconds per cycle was applied to the PCB assembly sub-model. The calculated stress and strain distributions in the critical solder joint are compared with those predicted for temperature cycling and accelerated temperature cycling tests. Results showed that the accumulated inelastic strain concentrates in a small region of the critical solder joint near the component side for temperature cycling and near the pad side for cyclic twisting cycles. The rate of inelastic strain accumulation per fatigue cycle in the solder joint for both thermal cycling (TC1) and mechanical twisting (MT1) tests are similar. Thus mechanical twisting test imparts similar characteristics in terms of the shear strain range to temperature cycling tests. Low cycle fatigue is dominated by localized shear effect as reflected in the largest shear strain range of the hysteresis loops. The Coffin-Manson strain-based model yielded more conservative prediction of fatigue lives of solder joints when compared to energy-based approach.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Subjects:T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Divisions:Mechanical Engineering
ID Code:7096
Deposited By: Mohamad Ali Duki
Deposited On:23 Dec 2008 01:59
Last Modified:30 Aug 2017 06:09

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