Universiti Teknologi Malaysia Institutional Repository

Natural radioactivity measurements in Pahang State, Malaysia

Gabdo, H. T. and Ramli, A. T. and Saleh, M. A. and Garba, N. N. and Sanusi, M. (2016) Natural radioactivity measurements in Pahang State, Malaysia. Isotopes In Environmental And Health Studies, 52 (3). pp. 298-308. ISSN 1025-6016

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10256016.2016.1128428


This study was aimed at providing the baseline data of terrestrial gamma dose rates and natural radioactivity to assess the corresponding health risk in the ambient environment of the Pahang State. Terrestrial gamma radiation (TGR) from 640 locations was measured with the mean value found to be 176 ± 5 nGy h-1. Ninety-eight soil samples were analysed using a high-purity germanium detector (HPGe), and the mean concentrations of the radionuclides226Ra,232Th and40K are 110 ± 3, 151 ± 5 and 542 ± 51 Bq kg-1, respectively.226Ra and232Th concentrations were found to be three times the world average, while that of40K is quite higher than the world average value. The acid-intrusive geological formation has the highest mean concentrations for226Ra (215 ± 6 Bq kg-1),232Th (384 ± 12 Bq kg-1) and40K (1564 ± 153 Bq kg-1). The radium equivalent activities (Req) and the external hazard index (Hex) for the various soil types were also calculated. Some of the soil types were found to have values exceeding the internationally recommended levels of 370 Bq kg-1 and the unity value, respectively.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:health risk, natural radioactivity, soil
Subjects:Q Science > QC Physics
Divisions:Chemical Engineering
ID Code:70044
Deposited By: Narimah Nawil
Deposited On:22 Nov 2017 00:45
Last Modified:22 Nov 2017 00:45

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