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Tyrosinase inhibition, anti-acetylcholinestrase, and antimicrobial activities of the phytochemicals from artocarpus integer var silverstris

Salam, Ahmed Abed and Mohd. Sirat, Hasnah and Taher, Muhammad (2016) Tyrosinase inhibition, anti-acetylcholinestrase, and antimicrobial activities of the phytochemicals from artocarpus integer var silverstris. Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, 29 (6). pp. 2071-2078. ISSN 1011-601X

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Official URL: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/311388414...

Abstract

The leaves of Gynotroches axillaris were chemically and biologically studied. Sequential extraction of the leaves using petroleum ether, chloroform, and methanol afforded three extracts. Puri fication of pet. ether extract yielded, squalene and β -amyrin palmitate as the major compounds, together with palmitic acid and myristic acid as the minor components. The methanol extract yielded two flavonoids, quercitrin and epicatechin. The isolated compounds were characterized by MS, IR and NMR (1D an d 2D). Anti-acetyl cholinesterase screening using TLC bio-autography assay showed that palmitic acid and myristic acid were the strong est inhibition with detection limit 1.14 and 1.28 μg/ 5 μL respectively. Antibacterial against Gram-positive a nd negative and antifungal activities exhibited that β -amyrin palmitate was the strongest (450-225 μ g/mL) against all the tested microbes. The tyrosinase inhibition assay of extracts and the pure compounds were screened against tyrosinase enzyme. The inhibition percentage ( I %) of methanol extract against tyrosinase enzyme was stronger than the other extracts with value 68.4%. Quercitrin (59%) was found to be the highest in the tyrosinase inhibition activity amongst the pure compounds. To the best of our knowledge, this is first report on the phytochemicals, tyrosinase inhibition, anti-acetycholines terase and antimicrobial activities of the leaves of G. axillaris

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:RADIS System Ref No:PB/2016/05486
Subjects:Q Science
Divisions:Science
ID Code:68490
Deposited By: Haliza Zainal
Deposited On:01 Nov 2017 11:41
Last Modified:20 Nov 2017 16:52

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