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Dielectric properties of potassium carbonate-impregnated cempedak peel for microwave-assisted activation

Alias, Norulaina and Ahmad Zaini, Muhammad Abbas and Kamaruddin, Mohd. Johari and You, Kok Yeow (2017) Dielectric properties of potassium carbonate-impregnated cempedak peel for microwave-assisted activation. Asia-Pacific Journal of Chemical Engineering, 12 (1). pp. 173-181. ISSN 1932-2135

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/apj.2062

Abstract

This study was aimed to evaluate the dielectric properties of cempedak peel ( Artocarpus chempeden , A. integer ) impregnated with potassium carbonate. The materials were characterized by moisture content, elemental composition and thermal pro fi le. The dielectric properties were examined using open-ended coaxial probe method at microwave frequencies and different temperatures. Results show that the dielectric properties changed with frequency, temperature, potassium carbonate impregnation ratio, moisture content and carbon content. Cempedak peel exhibits a better microwave absorber at 25 °C because of higher tan δ than char and impregnated samples. Char displayed a higher tan δ at 35 °C probably because of high carbon content (63.7%). Moisture content and carbon content have to be taken into account in microwave-assisted activation of cempedak peel. Potassium carbonate can act as microwave absorber to enhance the ef fi ciency of microwave heating for low loss material.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:RADIS System Ref No:PB/2016/09818
Uncontrolled Keywords:penetration depth, potassium
Subjects:T Technology > TP Chemical technology
T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
Divisions:Chemical Engineering
ID Code:66490
Deposited By: Fazli Masari
Deposited On:03 Oct 2017 21:22
Last Modified:03 Oct 2017 21:22

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