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Low temperature sol-gel based erbium doped mullite nanoparticles: structural and optical properties

Islam, Shumaila and Bidin, Noriah and Riaz, Saira and Naseem, Shahzad and Sanagi, Mohd. Marsin (2017) Low temperature sol-gel based erbium doped mullite nanoparticles: structural and optical properties. Journal of the Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers, 70 . pp. 366-373. ISSN 1876-1070

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtice.2016.10.031

Abstract

Thermally stable aluminum-silicate i.e. mullite is doped with erbium for optical device applications. The matrix is synthesized and doped with 0.1 M of Er3+ by the sol-gel precursor method at room temperature. Crack-free and uniform distribution of the species was detected and profile of the various elements showed stoichiometric ratios, thus suggesting a homogeneous dispersion of the rare-earth ions inside the heterogeneous mullite host matrix. Different sizes of mullite grains 167-202 nm are observed by FESEM; the addition of erbium gets smaller size of mullite crystals 40-110 nm. The crystallization process is evaluated by X-ray diffraction (XRD) whereas Fourier Transmission Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) is used to monitor the bonding of crystalline phases. Average crystallite size in mullite matrix is calculated to be 35.50 nm, whereas smaller crystallite sizes 21.38 nm are observed in the case of doped sample. Brunauett-Emmett-Teller (BET) analysis shows the lower surface area value of doped matrix to be 20 m(2)/g, pore size of 0.03 nm and pore volume of 0.33 cm(3)/g. Thermally stable, transparent, high refractive index, photoluminescent Er3+ doped mullite matrix is beneficial for optical applications at room temperature. (C) 2016 Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:RADIS System Ref No:PB/2016/09993
Uncontrolled Keywords:structural properties, optical applications
Subjects:Q Science
Divisions:Science
ID Code:66469
Deposited By: Fazli Masari
Deposited On:03 Oct 2017 16:31
Last Modified:03 Oct 2017 16:31

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