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Earth Observing-1 (E01) remote sensing data for porphyry copper and epithermal gold exploration

Pour, Amin Beiranvand and Hashim, Mazlan (2015) Earth Observing-1 (E01) remote sensing data for porphyry copper and epithermal gold exploration. In: World Multidisciplinary Earth Sciences Symposium, 7-11 Sept, 2015, Prague, Czech Republic.

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Official URL: https://eventegg.com/wmess-2015/


This study evaluates the capability of Earth Observing-1 (E01) Advanced Land Imager (ALI) and Hyperion data for lithological and hydrothermal alteration mapping. Several image processing methods have b~en tested on two ALI and Hyperion images covering the Meiduk and Sar Cheshmeh porphyry copper mining districts, SE Iran for regional and district scales mapping. Feature-oriented principal components selection, different band ratioing and Minimum Noise Fraction were applied for enhancing the hydrothermally altered rocks associated with porphyry copper mineralization, lithological units and vegetation using ALI data at regional scale. Spectral angle mapper, linear spectral unmixing and mixture-tuned matched-filtering were tested to discriminate the hydrothermal alteration areas of porphyry copper mineralization from surrounding environment using shortwave infrared bands of ALI at regional scale. Analytical imaging and geophysics (AIG)developed hyperspectral analysis processing methods were applied to visible and near infrared and shortwave infrared bands of Hyperion for mapping iron oxide/hydroxide minerals and clay mineral assemblages in hydrothermal alteration zones at district scale. Results indicated that the tested methods are able to yield spectral information for identifying vegetation, iron oxide/hydroxide and clay minerals, lithological units and discrimination of hydrothermally altered rocks from unaltered rocks using ALI data at regional scale. Supergene altered areas consisting of iron oxide/hydroxide minerals such as hematite, limonite, jarosite and goethite were detected using visible and near infrared bands of Hyperion. Phyllic, advanced argillic and propylitic alteration zones associated with porphyry copper mineralization were discriminated based on the identified alteration minerals such as sericite, kaolinite, illite, alunite, chlorite, epidote and calcite using shortwave infrared bands of Hyperion. It is shown that the integration of the ALI and Hyperion data can yield significant information to identify lithological units and hydrothermally altered rocks associated with porphyry copper and epithermal gold mineralization at both regional and district scales. The achievements of this investigation indicate considerable implications for geologists to use Earth Observing-1 (EO-1) data for geological purposes.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords:hyperion, hydrothermal alteration minerals
Subjects:G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > G Geography (General)
Divisions:Geoinformation and Real Estate
ID Code:63472
Deposited By: Fazli Masari
Deposited On:30 May 2017 12:47
Last Modified:30 May 2017 12:47

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