Universiti Teknologi Malaysia Institutional Repository

Water feature extraction and change detection using multitemporal landsat imagery

Rokni, Komeil and Ahmad, Anuar and Selamat, Ali and Hazini, Sharifeh (2014) Water feature extraction and change detection using multitemporal landsat imagery. Remote Sensing, 6 (5). pp. 4173-4189. ISSN 2072-4292

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/rs6054173

Abstract

Lake Urmia is the 20th largest lake and the second largest hyper saline lake (before September 2010) in the world. It is also the largest inland body of salt water in the Middle East. Nevertheless, the lake has been in a critical situation in recent years due to decreasing surface water and increasing salinity. This study modeled the spatiotemporal changes of Lake Urmia in the period 2000-2013 using the multi-temporal Landsat 5-TM, 7-ETM+ and 8-OLI images. In doing so, the applicability of different satellite-derived indexes including Normalized Difference Water Index (NDWI), Modified NDWI (MNDWI), Normalized Difference Moisture Index (NDMI), Water Ratio Index (WRI), Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI), and Automated Water Extraction Index (AWEI) were investigated for the extraction of surface water from Landsat data. Overall, the NDWI was found superior to other indexes and hence it was used to model the spatiotemporal changes of the lake. In addition, a new approach based on Principal Components of multi-temporal NDWI (NDWI-PCs) was proposed and evaluated for surface water change detection. The results indicate an intense decreasing trend in Lake Urmia surface area in the period 2000-2013, especially between 2010 and 2013 when the lake lost about one third of its surface area compared to the year 2000. The results illustrate the effectiveness of the NDWI-PCs approach for surface water change detection, especially in detecting the changes between two and three different times, simultaneously.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:landsat, surface water
Subjects:H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor
Divisions:Geoinformation and Real Estate
ID Code:63227
Deposited By: Siti Nor Hashidah Zakaria
Deposited On:18 Jun 2017 14:58
Last Modified:18 Jun 2017 14:58

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