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The potential of unmanned aerial vehicle for large scale mapping of coastal area

Darwin, N. and Ahmad, Anuar and Zainon, O. (2014) The potential of unmanned aerial vehicle for large scale mapping of coastal area. In: 8th International Symposium of the Digital Earth (ISDE8), 2013, Kuching, Sawarak.

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Official URL: http://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/1755-131...

Abstract

Many countries in the tropical region are covered with cloud for most of the time, hence, it is difficult to get clear images especially from high resolution satellite imagery. Aerial photogrammetry can be used but most of the time the cloud problem still exists. Today, this problem could be solved using a system known as unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) where the aerial images can be acquired at low altitude and the system can fly under the cloud. The UAV system could be used in various applications including mapping coastal area. The UAV system is equipped with an autopilot system and automatic method known as autonomous flying that can be utilized for data acquisition. To achieve high resolution imagery, a compact digital camera of high resolution was used to acquire the aerial images at an altitude. In this study, the UAV system was employed to acquire aerial images of a coastal simulation model at low altitude. From the aerial images, photogrammetric image processing was executed to produce photogrammetric outputs such a digital elevation model (DEM), contour line and orthophoto. In this study, ground control point (GCP) and check point (CP) were established using conventional ground surveying method (i.e total station). The GCP is used for exterior orientation in photogrammetric processes and CP for accuracy assessment based on Root Mean Square Error (RMSE). From this study, it was found that the UAV system can be used for large scale mapping of coastal simulation model with accuracy at millimeter level. It is anticipated that the same system could be used for large scale mapping of real coastal area and produces good accuracy. Finally, the UAV system has great potential to be used for various applications that require accurate results or products at limited time and less man power.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords:ground control point (GCP), check point (CP)
Subjects:H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor
Divisions:Geoinformation and Real Estate
ID Code:63000
Deposited By: Fazli Masari
Deposited On:03 Oct 2017 15:42
Last Modified:03 Oct 2017 15:42

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