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Study on the effect of air-gap length on properties and performance of surface modified PVDF hollow fiber membrane contactor for carbon dioxide absorption

Korminouri, Fatemeh and Rahbari-Sisakht, M. and Rana, D. and Matsuura, T. and Ismail, Ahmad Fauzi (2014) Study on the effect of air-gap length on properties and performance of surface modified PVDF hollow fiber membrane contactor for carbon dioxide absorption. Separation and Purification Technology, 132 . pp. 601-609. ISSN 1383-5866

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.seppur.2014.06.017

Abstract

Surface modified polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) hollow fiber membranes (HFMs) were spun via dry-wet spinning technique at different air-gap lengths (0-20 cm). The morphology of prepared membranes was evaluated by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and atomic force microscopy (AFM). Membranes were also characterized in terms of gas permeation, overall porosity, collapsing pressure, critical water entry pressure (CEPw) and contact angle. To determine the CO2 absorption flux of HFMs, a gas-liquid membrane contactor system was used. Experimental results of this study revealed that by increasing the air-gap distance from 0 to 20 cm, wetting resistance and contact angle of fabricated membranes increased due to enhancement of membrane surface hydrophobicity. The highest helium (He) permeation was achieved for the spun fiber at the air-gap of 10 cm. From CO2 absorption experiment it was found that the hollow fiber spun at the air-gap of 10 cm had the maximum CO2 absorption flux of 1.41 x 10(-3) mol/m(2) s at the absorbent flow rate of 300 ml/min, which was significantly higher than CO2 absorption flux obtained by other researchers. It was also found that both highest He gas permeance and CO2 absorption flux were controlled by the surface porosity of the hollow fiber due to the maximum values obtained. Thus, the choice of an appropriate air-gap distance for fabrication of surface modified membranes was found to be a promising method to improve CO2 removal in membrane contactor systems.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:membrane contactor, surface modification
Subjects:T Technology > TN Mining engineering. Metallurgy
Divisions:Petroleum and Renewable Energy Engineering
ID Code:62718
Deposited By: Fazli Masari
Deposited On:05 Jun 2017 10:29
Last Modified:05 Jun 2017 10:29

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