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Spinal cord injury rehabilitation: which way forward?

Omar, Abdul Hafidz (2014) Spinal cord injury rehabilitation: which way forward? NeuroRehabilitation, 35 (2). pp. 325-340. ISSN 1053-8135

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/NRE-141124

Abstract

Spinal cord injury (SCI), damage to spinal cord, influences the ability of the subjects to stand and walk. Moreover, they have some problems such as osteoporosis, muscle spasm, joint contracture and bowel and bladder function. These subjects use various orthoses and undergo different rehabilitation programmes to restore their ability. It is controversial whether use of aforementioned methods improves the physiological health of SCI individuals and improves their ability to ambulate or not. Therefore, the aim of this review was to investigate the effectiveness of assistive devices to restore their physiological health and their functional ability in patients with SCI. METHOD: A search was done in some databases such as Medline, Embasco, and ISI Web of sciences between 1960 and 2013. The quality of studies was assessed using the Down and Black tool. RESULTS: Two hundred articles were found based on the selected key words. Sixty papers were selected for final analysis, of which 35 and 45 focused on benefits of standing and walking, performance of SCI during standing and walking with various systems, respectively. CONCLUSION: Although there was lots of variation between the studies based on the number of subjects, level of lesion, type of lesion and time post injury, it can be concluded that use of various orthoses neither improve the abilities of subjects to stand and walk nor improve their physiological health. It may be concluded that the use of other methods of exercise may have more physiological benefits for SCI subjects.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:spinal cord, rehabilitation
Subjects:Q Science > QH Natural history
Divisions:Biosciences and Medical Engineering
ID Code:62642
Deposited By: Widya Wahid
Deposited On:06 Jul 2017 13:18
Last Modified:06 Jul 2017 13:18

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