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Effect of cadmium to strombus canarium (Gastropod: Strombidae)

Sabri, Shaikhah and Md. Said, Mohd. Ismid and Azman, Shamila and Goto, Masafumi (2015) Effect of cadmium to strombus canarium (Gastropod: Strombidae). In: The 3rd International Conference on Water Resources (ICWR 2015), 24-25 Nov, 2015, Langkawi, Malaysia.



Total of 180 specimens of marine gastropod, Strombus canarium, collected from southern coast of Peninsular Malaysia were exposed to artificial sea water containing cadmium in the concentration range between 1.0 and 5.0 mg L-1 for 96 hours. The objective of the study is to statistically determine the acute toxicity of cadmium to the gastropod, Strombus canarium that has not been reported yet so far. Experiments were carried out under static renewal condition in order to maintain the concentration level of cadmium constant as well as to prevent accumulation of organic pollutants such as excreta of the gastropods and disintegrated dead bodies. The data obtained from the test were subjected to the EPA Probit Analysis Program and the acute toxicity was determined as the median lethal concentration (LC50). Abnormal behaviour such as secretion of mucus in large quantities was observed, especially, at high concentration of cadmium. Neither mortality nor abnormal behaviour was observed in the control group throughout the experiment. As a result, the 96-h LC50 value for Strombus canarium was determined to be 1.23 mg L-1. The result indicates that the Strombus canarium possesses less tolerance to cadmium ions compared to other gastropods.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords:acute toxicity test, LC50, cadmium
Subjects:Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
ID Code:61978
Deposited By: Widya Wahid
Deposited On:30 Apr 2017 12:45
Last Modified:09 Aug 2017 08:35

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