Universiti Teknologi Malaysia Institutional Repository

Evaluation of computer ethics: confirmatory factor models using PROC CALIS

Masrom, Maslin and Ismail, Zuraini (2008) Evaluation of computer ethics: confirmatory factor models using PROC CALIS. In: SAS Forum 2008 Malaysia, 15 & 16 July 2008, KL Convention Centre, Malaysia.


Official URL: http://www.sas.com/offices/asiapacific/malaysia/ev...


The computer is considered one of the most essential technological advances and has become an everyday tool. Many tertiary institutions have become heavily dependent on computers, Internet and informations systems for educational purpose. Computers and the Internet also represent many people, organizations, and governments. However, at the same time they raise some ethical issues such as unauthorized access and use of computer systems, software piracy and information privacy. This study proposes the employment of computer use and computer security concepts for investigating students’ ethical conduct related to computer ethics. Specifically, an ethical computer awareness (ECA) construct concerning computer use and security is developed and validated. The process of evaluating a measurement instrument for reliability and investigating the factor structure are discussed using the scale of ethical computer awareness (SECA). SAS procedures served to provide an indication of the internal consistency, that is, reliability with PROC CORR, to explore the factor structure with exploratory factor analysis using PROC FACTOR, and to verify the factor structure with confirmatory factor analysis using PROC CALIS of the measurement instrument. The ECA construct developed from the study could be useful to research a wide range of computer ethics in the future.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords:SAS PROC CORR, SAS PROC FACTOR, SAS PROC CALIS, confirmatory factor analysis
Subjects:T Technology > T Technology (General)
H Social Sciences > HA Statistics
B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BJ Ethics
Divisions:Computer Science and Information System
ID Code:6139
Deposited By: Dr Maslin Masrom
Deposited On:16 Aug 2008 06:13
Last Modified:01 Jun 2010 15:39

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