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Lactic acid production from cassava mill effluent (CME) using rhyzopus oryzae immobilized in PVA-Alginate-Sulfate beads

Ahmad Kamal, Qistina and Mohd. Zain, Nor Azimah (2014) Lactic acid production from cassava mill effluent (CME) using rhyzopus oryzae immobilized in PVA-Alginate-Sulfate beads. In: 4th International Biotechnology and Biodiversity Conference and Exhibition, 25-27 August, 2014, Johor Bahru, Malaysia.



Cassava Mill Effluent (CME) is an effluent, produced from peeling process of the skin, cutting and starch extraction from the tapioca tuber. The CME contains high concentration of starch. It is usually dispose directly into the nearest river and become a source of pollutant that contributes to the high value of its chemical oxygen demand (COD), biological oxygen demand (BOD), and total solids (TS). In this study, Cassava Mill Effluent has been used as fermentation medium for growth of Rhizopusoryzae to produce lactic acid. To improvise the yield, spore of Rhizopusoryzaewas immobilized in PVA-Alginate-Sulfate beads and fermentation was carried out for 6 days. Screening of lactic acid production using the production medium with various conditions; temperature (30ºC-40ºC), agitation speed (120- 200 rpm), pH (4-7) and beads percentages (at 0% (w/v), 5% (w/v), 10% (w/v). Fermentation study was conducted for 6 days using conditions derived from 2-level Factorial Design. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) showed that there was a strong significant influence of the factors and their interaction on production of lactic acid (P<0.0001) except for factor pH with (P=0.0670). The regression model for lactic acid production fitted the data adequately and explains the variation of more than 99% in the response. The analysis of result showed that the maximum production of lactic acid can be achieved at initial fermentation medium pH of 7.0, temperature of 40°C; percentage of beads (w/v) of 10% and agitation speed of 200 rpm and the maximum lactic acid production is 8.54 g/L. This study exploits the potential of Cassava Mill Effluent (CME) for production of lactic acid. Its successful will certainly contribute to Malaysia's bioeconomy.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords:cassava mill effluent, rhizopusoryzae
Subjects:R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Divisions:Biosciences and Medical Engineering
ID Code:61356
Deposited By: Fazli Masari
Deposited On:31 Mar 2017 01:35
Last Modified:31 Mar 2017 01:35

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