Universiti Teknologi Malaysia Institutional Repository

Potential contribution of low cost materials in clean technology

Smail, Heman A. and Shareef, Kafia M. and Ramli, Zainab (2015) Potential contribution of low cost materials in clean technology. In: ICOWOBAS 2015, 16-17 Okt, 2015, Indonesia.



As the world's population approaches more than 9 billion, the strain on the planet's resources is steadily increasing. This demand can only be met by improving production methods to reduce the use of chemicals and the amount of chemical waste. Zeolites are among the least-known products for environmental pollution control, separation science and technology. This study investigates whether the use of geological sources as low-cost materials are suitable for zeolite synthesis and future applications. In this investigation natural montmorillonite clay, locally available in Erbil-Kurdistan, was used as raw material. The experiments were carried out in the presence of ultrasound 30KHz at 60°C and for different crystallization times (5, 10 &15 hours) and the results were compared with those obtained by performing conventional alkaline hydrothermal static syntheses under similar conditions and crystallization time of (90 hours). The raw material as well as the products was analyzed using; Fourier Transform Infra-Red (FT-IR), X-Ray Diffraction (XRD) and X-Ray Fluorescence (XRF) spectroscopy and scanning electron microscope (SEM). The experimental data were ascertained the formation of Zeolite successfully. Crystallization by ultrasound has been demonstrated to offer the possibilities of increasing the nucleation and crystallization rates of zeolites, improving the yield and directing the synthesis towards different crystal phases.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords:ultrasound XRD, measurement
Subjects:T Technology > TH Building construction > TH434-437 Quantity surveying
ID Code:61355
Deposited By: Widya Wahid
Deposited On:31 Mar 2017 15:01
Last Modified:17 Aug 2017 14:39

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