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Mechanical and thermal properties of rubber toughened poly(lactic acid)

Mat Desa, Mohd. Shaiful Zaidi and Hassan, Azman and Arsad, Agus and Mohammad, Nor Nisa Balqis (2015) Mechanical and thermal properties of rubber toughened poly(lactic acid). In: Advanced Materials Research From the 2nd International Materials, Industrial, And Manufacturing Engineering Conference (MIMEC 2015), February 4-6, 2015, Bali, Indonesia, 4-6 Feb, 2015, Indonesia.

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Official URL: https://www.scientific.net/AMR.1125.222


The effect of rubber toughening on mechanical and thermal properties of poly(lactic acid) (PLA) was investigated by using three types of rubbers; natural rubber (NR), epoxidized natural rubber (ENR) and core-shell rubber (CSR). The PLA/rubber blends were prepared by melt blending in a counter-rotating twin-screw extruder, where the rubber content for all blends was kept at 5 wt%. It was found that the addition of the rubbers increased the impact strength for all blends as compared to pure PLA. On the other hand, all PLA/rubber blends showed notable decrease of Young’s modulus especially for PLA/NR blend which decreased by 72% than pure PLA. Similarly, significant decrease of tensile strength was also observed for all PLA/rubber blends. PLA/ENR blend showed a more balance mechanical properties with fairly significant improvement of impact strength and moderate decrease of tensile strength, Young’s modulus and elongation at break. In general, PLA/NR blend showed the highest overall impact strength, while the PLA/CSR showed the highest tensile strength and Young’s modulus among the blends. Thermal analysis revealed that the Tg of PLA decreased with incorporation of the three types of rubbers with NR showing the largest decrease. This study indicates that NR, ENR and CSR are effective in enhancing toughness of PLA.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords:poly(lactic acid), natural rubber
Subjects:T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions:Chemical and Natural Resources Engineering
ID Code:61068
Deposited By: Widya Wahid
Deposited On:14 Mar 2017 06:41
Last Modified:07 Aug 2017 00:18

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