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The effect of noble metals on catalytic methanation reaction over supported Mn/Ni oxide based catalysts

Abu Bakar, Wan Azelee Wan and Ali, Rusmidah and Mohammad, Nurul Shafee (2015) The effect of noble metals on catalytic methanation reaction over supported Mn/Ni oxide based catalysts. Arabian Journal Of Chemistry, 8 (5). pp. 632-643. ISSN 1878-5352

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.arabjc.2013.06.009

Abstract

Carbon dioxide (CO2) in sour natural gas can be removed using green technology via catalytic methanation reaction by converting CO2 to methane (CH4) gas. Using waste to wealth concept, production of CH4 would increase as well as creating environmental friendly approach for the purification of natural gas. In this research, a series of alumina supported manganese-nickel oxide based catalysts doped with noble metals such as ruthenium and palladium were prepared by wetness impregnation method. The prepared catalysts were run catalytic screening process using in-house built micro reactor coupled with Fourier Transform Infra Red (FTIR) spectroscopy to study the percentage CO2 conversion and CH4 formation analyzed by GC. Ru/Mn/Ni(5:35:60)/Al2O3 calcined at 1000°C was found to be the potential catalyst which gave 99.74% of CO2 conversion and 72.36% of CH4 formation at 400°C reaction temperature. XRD diffractogram illustrated that the supported catalyst was in polycrystalline with some amorphous state at 1000°C calcination temperature with the presence of NiO as active site. According to FESEM micrographs, both fresh and used catalysts displayed spherical shape with small particle sizes in agglomerated and aggregated mixture. Nitrogen Adsorption analysis revealed that both catalysts were in mesoporous structures with BET surface area in the range of 46-60m2/g. All the impurities have been removed at 1000°C calcination temperature as presented by FTIR, TGA-DTA and EDX data.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:carbon dioxide, manganese-nickel oxide, methanation, natural gas, noble metal
Subjects:A General Works
Divisions:Science
ID Code:58923
Deposited By: Haliza Zainal
Deposited On:04 Dec 2016 12:07
Last Modified:05 Feb 2017 12:14

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