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Optimal mixture design of mix-wasted tile aggregates for reducing pavement surface temperature

Anting, Nickholas and Md. Din, Mohd. Fadhil and Ponraj, Mohanadoss and Iwao, Kenzo and Chelliapan, Shreeshivadasan and Ubukata, Naoki (2015) Optimal mixture design of mix-wasted tile aggregates for reducing pavement surface temperature. Journal Of Materials In Civil Engineering, 27 (9). ISSN 0899-1561

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)MT.1943-5533.00011...


The heat generated from dark-colored asphalt pavement contributes to the rise in surface temperature and results in the formation of an environmental problem known as urban heat island. In this paper, an approach was developed to optimize the mixture design of experiment (DOE) for the mixed type of crushed waste tile aggregates in developing cool-pavement coating materials that could reduce the surface temperature of pavement. Furthermore, the mean temperature difference, ?T, was determined by comparing the 16 runs of the suggested design model with the conventional asphalt model. Three types of wasted tile aggregates were used in this study: full body porcelain (FBP), monoporosa or ceramic glaze (MP), and porcelain glaze (PG). A linear model was formed as a function of mixed-tile fraction, and the ANOVA analysis showed that the special cubic term used for this model is significant. The diagnostics of the model were validated using box-cox plot and normal plot of residuals. Finally, the model was optimized to predict the optimum mixture of different types of tiles to produce the highest value of ?T by proposing two solutions from the design mix. Accordingly, the values of ?T obtained are 4.9 and 3.1°C, respectively, as per the first and second solution using 100% of FBP and MP. In conclusion, the optimum mixture DOE is reliable and can be used to optimize the composition of the proposed mixed type of tile aggregates for obtaining higher values of ?T, which is necessary for developing the coating materials.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:aggregate, cool pavement, crushed wasted tiles, design of experiment (DOE), surface temperature, urban heat island
Subjects:A General Works
ID Code:58705
Deposited By: Haliza Zainal
Deposited On:04 Dec 2016 12:07
Last Modified:26 Feb 2017 12:19

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