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Morphological study of co-extruded dual-layer hollow fiber membranes incorporated with different TiO2 loadings

Dzinun, Hazlini and Othman, Mohd. Hafiz Dzarfan and Ismail, Ahmad Fauzi and Puteh, Mohd. Hafiz and Abdul Rahman, Mukhlis and Jaafar, Juhana (2015) Morphological study of co-extruded dual-layer hollow fiber membranes incorporated with different TiO2 loadings. Journal Of Membrane Science, 479 . pp. 123-131. ISSN 0376-0421

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.memsci.2014.12.052

Abstract

Dual-layer hollow fiber (DLHF) membranes prepared via a phase inversion based co-extrusion technique offer a number of advantages, such as self-supporting structure, high active surface area to volume ratio, easy fabrication and ability to withstand high operating pressure. This paper reports novel DLHF membranes fabricated via a single step co-extrusion technique with immobilized titanium dioxide (TiO2) nanoparticles embedded in their outer layer. In this work, the DLHF membranes were prepared by extruding two different dope solutions simultaneously, in which the inner layer consisted of poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF) and solvent N,N-dimethylacetamide (DMAc) while the outer layer was a mixture of PVDF, TiO2 and DMAc. The effect of TiO2 loading, where the mass fraction of TiO2/PVDF was varied from 0 to 1, on the morphologies and properties of the DLHF membranes were investigated using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), contact angle goniometer, surface roughness and filtration experiments. The SEM results showed that DLHF membranes have a good interfacial adhesion between layers with no delamination found. The structure of the membranes characterized by the length of their finger-like voids was significantly affected by the TiO2 addition. The void lengths were elongated by the rise of the TiO2 loading up to certain fraction of TiO2/PVDF. Based on all the findings, it can be concluded that the proposed method of producing the DLHF membranes could provide good layer-layer interfacial adhesion and well-dispersed TiO2 in their outer layer.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:co-extrusion technique, dual layer hollow fiber membranes, finger-like voids, immobilized inorganic additive, phase inversion
Subjects:A General Works
ID Code:58598
Deposited By: Haliza Zainal
Deposited On:04 Dec 2016 12:07
Last Modified:22 Mar 2017 08:58

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