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Microstructural characterization, biocorrosion evaluation and mechanical properties of nanostructured ZnO and Si/ZnO coated Mg/HA/TiO2/MgO nanocomposites

Khalajabadi, Shahrouz Zamani and Abdul Kadir, Mohammed Rafiq and Izman, Sudin and Kasiri Asgarani, Masoud (2015) Microstructural characterization, biocorrosion evaluation and mechanical properties of nanostructured ZnO and Si/ZnO coated Mg/HA/TiO2/MgO nanocomposites. Surface & Coatings Technology, 277 . pp. 30-43. ISSN 2561-115

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.surfcoat.2015.07.006

Abstract

Nano-ZnO monolayer and nano-Si/ZnO double-layer coatings were deposited on a Mg/HA/TiO2/MgO nanocomposite using radio frequency magnetron sputtering. The composition and surface morphology of the specimens were characterized by X-ray diffraction, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy, atomic force microscopy and field-emission scanning electron microscopy equipped with energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy. Potentiodynamic polarization and immersion tests were used to investigate the corrosion behavior of samples. The Si/ZnO nanocomposite coating, which had an average thickness of 1.7µm, exhibited a uniform and dense film, consisting of a ZnO outer layer (~1.1µm thick) and a Si inner layer (~0.6µm thick). However, some pores and cracks were observed in the ZnO monolayer coating (~1.5µm thick). In addition, the Si and ZnO nanoparticles had a spherical morphology with an average particle size of 28-40nm. Higher polarization resistance values were obtained for the nano-Si/ZnO coated sample (~2.55kOcm2) compared with that of the ZnO coated (~1.34kOcm2) and uncoated (~0.14kOcm2) samples in a simulated body fluid (SBF). The results from the hydrogen evolution studies indicated that the nano-Si/ZnO-coated sample had a lower degradation rate (1.07ml/cm2/day) than the ZnO-only coated sample (2.25ml/cm2/day) and the uncoated sample (4.42ml/cm2/day). After 168h of immersion in a SBF solution, a larger amount of hydroxyapatite precipitated on the Si/ZnO coating than the ZnO coating, which resulted in an improvement in the bioactivity. The compressive strength and elongation of uncoated Mg/HA/TiO2/MgO decreased from 253MPa and 9.8% to 104MPa and 5.2% after 28days of immersion in SBF solution, whereas the Si/ZnO coated sample indicated a compressive strength of 148MPa and elongation of 7.2%. Therefore, the double-layer Si/ZnO composite coating prepared by magnetron sputtering on the Mg/HA/TiO2/MgO nanocomposite is more suitable for biomedical applications.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Biodegradation; Mg/HA/TiO2/MgO nanocomposite; microstructure; RF magnetron sputtering; Si-coating; ZnO-coating
Subjects:A General Works
ID Code:58551
Deposited By: Haliza Zainal
Deposited On:04 Dec 2016 12:07
Last Modified:03 May 2017 09:40

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