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Mechanical and thermal properties of SEBS-g-MA compatibilized halloysite nanotubes reinforced polyethylene terephthalate/polycarbonate/nanocomposites

Jamaludin, Nurul Ain and Mohammad Inuwa, Ibrahim and Hassan, Azman and Othman, Norhayani and Jawaid, Mohammad (2015) Mechanical and thermal properties of SEBS-g-MA compatibilized halloysite nanotubes reinforced polyethylene terephthalate/polycarbonate/nanocomposites. Journal Of Applied Polymer Science, 132 (39). ISSN 0021-8995

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/app.42608

Abstract

In this study, the effect of maleic anhydride grafted styrene-ethylene-butylene-styrene (SEBS-g-MA) content on mechanical, thermal, and morphological properties of polyethylene terephthalate/polycarbonate/halloysite nanotubes (PET/PC/HNTs) nanocomposites has been investigated. Nanocomposites of PET/PC (70: 30) with 2 phr of HNTs were compounded using the counter rotating twin screw extruder. A series of formulations were prepared by adding 5-20 phr SEBS-g-MA to the composites. Incorporation of 5 phr SEBS-g-MA into the nanocomposites resulted in the highest tensile and flexural strength. Maximum improvement in the impact strength which is 245% was achieved at 10 phr SEBS-g-MA content. The elongation at break increased proportionately with the SEBS-g-MA content. However, the tensile and flexural moduli decreased with increasing SEBS-g-MA content. Scanning electron microscopy revealed a transition from a brittle fracture to ductile fracture morphology with increasing amount of SEBS-g-MA. Transmission electron microscopy showed that the addition of SEBS-g-MA into the nanocomposites promoted a better dispersion of HNTs in the matrix. A single glass transition temperature was observed from the differential scanning calorimetry test for compatibilized nanocomposites. Thermogravimetric analysis of PET/PC/HNTs nanocomposites showed high thermal stability at 15 phr SEBS-g-MA content. However, on further addition of SEBS-g-MA up to 20 phr, thermal stability of the nanocomposites decreased due to the excess amount of SEBS-g-MA.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:blends, compatibilization, composites, mechanical properties, thermal properties
Subjects:A General Works
ID Code:58522
Deposited By: Haliza Zainal
Deposited On:04 Dec 2016 12:07
Last Modified:19 Apr 2017 09:10

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