Universiti Teknologi Malaysia Institutional Repository

Design of decentralized biopower generation and distribution system for developing countries

Bazmi, Aqeel Ahmed and Zahedi, Gholamreza and Hashim, Haslenda (2015) Design of decentralized biopower generation and distribution system for developing countries. Journal Of Cleaner Production, 86 . pp. 209-220. ISSN 0959-3330

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2014.08.084


This paper presents a general decentralized energy generation optimization model for developing countries. A mixed integer nonlinear programming model has been formulated and implemented, representing decisions regarding (1) the optimal number, locations, and sizes of various types of processing plants, (2) the amounts of biomass transported, and electricity to be transmitted between the selected locations over a selected period, and minimizes the objective function of overall generation cost. The model has been applied first for designing a decentralized energy generation system using palm oil biomass for Iskandar Malaysia region of the state of Johor, Malaysia and then extended to entire state. We investigated the benefits of more distributed types of processing networks, in terms of the overall economics and the robustness to demand variations. No change in designed decentralized energy generation system and distribution network was observed when the demand was lowered to 90%, 75% and 60% of original demand.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:bio-power, decentralized electricity generation, optimization, palm oil biomass, rural electrification, supply chain network
Subjects:A General Works
ID Code:58238
Deposited By: Haliza Zainal
Deposited On:04 Dec 2016 12:07
Last Modified:08 Mar 2017 12:58

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