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Catalytic deacidification optimization of Korean crude oil based on response surface methodology

Mohd. Shohaimi, Norshahidatul Akmar and Jaafar, Jafariah and Wan Abu Bakar, Wan Azelee (2015) Catalytic deacidification optimization of Korean crude oil based on response surface methodology. Clean Technologies And Environmental Policy, 17 (6). pp. 1513-1522. ISSN 1618-954X

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Official URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10098-0...

Abstract

The presence of naphthenic acids in petroleum crude oil caused serious corrosion problem to the equipment used in the petroleum refinery industry. The acidity level in the petroleum crude oil is determined from the total acid number (TAN) values. In this study, Korean crude oil sample was obtained from PETRONAS Malacca Refinery with an initial TAN of 8.32 mg KOH/g. A catalytic deacidification technique using ammonia–ethylene glycol (NH3–EG) and KOH solution was applied on this crude oil sample with the aid of an alkaline earth metal oxide catalyst. Parameters investigated in this study were concentration of NH3–EG, concentration of KOH, catalyst calcination temperature, type of metal oxide catalysts, and percentage of NH3 in EG. Response surface methodology (RSM) with the central composite design (CCD) was employed to study the optimum condition capable of lowering the TAN in the Korean crude to less than one. The parameters used in the RSM were NH3–EG concentration, KOH concentration, and percentage of NH3 in EG. The results showed an 89.9 % reduction of TAN in the Korean crude using 1,000 mg/L of 1 % of 10 M KOH + 4 % NH3 in EG solution with the aid of Cu/Ca (10:90)/Al2O3 catalyst calcined at 1,000 °C. The application of a designed experiment using RSM with CCD confirmed the results obtained experimentally were in good agreement with each other for limited experimental runs.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:A General Works
ID Code:58005
Deposited By: Haliza Zainal
Deposited On:04 Dec 2016 12:07
Last Modified:24 Aug 2017 12:33

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