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Environment and air pollution: health services bequeath to grotesque menace

Qureshi, Muhammad Imran and Md. Rasli, Amran and Awan, Usama and Jian, Ma and Ali, Ghulam and Faridullah, Faridullah and Alam, Arif and Sajjad, Faiza and Zaman, Khalid (2015) Environment and air pollution: health services bequeath to grotesque menace. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 22 (5). pp. 3467-3476. ISSN 0944-1344

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11356-014-3584-2


The objective of the study is to establish the link between air pollution, fossil fuel energy consumption, industrialization, alternative and nuclear energy, combustible renewable and wastes, urbanization, and resulting impact on health services in Malaysia. The study employed two-stage least square regression technique on the time series data from 1975 to 2012 to possibly minimize the problem of endogeniety in the health services model. The results in general show that air pollution and environmental indicators act as a strong contributor to influence Malaysian health services. Urbanization and nuclear energy consumption both significantly increases the life expectancy in Malaysia, while fertility rate decreases along with the increasing urbanization in a country. Fossil fuel energy consumption and industrialization both have an indirect relationship with the infant mortality rate, whereas, carbon dioxide emissions have a direct relationship with the sanitation facility in a country. The results conclude that balancing the air pollution, environment, and health services needs strong policy vistas on the end of the government officials.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:air pollution, environment, health services, two-stage least square
Subjects:H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor > HD28 Management. Industrial Management
ID Code:55047
Deposited By: Fazli Masari
Deposited On:09 Aug 2016 03:57
Last Modified:15 Feb 2017 07:29

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