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Structural analysis of platelet-derived growth factor receptor alpha by protein homology modeling

Hussin, Nurulfarhana (2015) Structural analysis of platelet-derived growth factor receptor alpha by protein homology modeling. Masters thesis, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Faculty of Biosciences and Medical Engineering.


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Constitutive phosphorylation activity by receptor tyrosine kinases due to activating mutations have been linked to human malignancies. Substitution mutation of tyrosine 849 to serine residue led to the constitutive phosphorylation of platelet-derived growth factor receptor alpha (PDGFRa) as found in hypereosinophilic syndrome sample. An in silico study was conducted to identify whether PDGFRa catalytic domain can adopt an inactive conformation. The activating mutation Y849S was investigated to elucidate its role in destabilizing the inactive state of wild type PDGFRa catalytic domain. Three dimensional structure of PDGFRa catalytic domain in inactive conformation was modelled and refined with MD simulations using GROMOS96 force field with 53a6 parameter in GROMACS version 4.6.3. The model consists of juxtamembrane (JM) region and kinase domain. Presence of conserved tyrosine and tryptophan residues in JM region suggested its stabilizing role in inactive structure. Analysis of MD trajectories indicated that mutation Y849S at the C-terminal lobe had caused the loss of intramolecular hydrogen bondings which contributed to the increase of JM region fluctuations in the N-terminal lobe, higher hydrophilicity of activation loop (A-loop) that might loosen its packed conformation, and more solvent-exposed of JM region as a result of its reduced hydrophobicity. The shorter, non-aromatic side chain of serine residue at the position 849 is incapable to preserve the hydrogen bond network played by tyrosine residue in the wild type model. In conclusion, it is suggested, at least based on the model from this study that Y849 might play as stabilizing role in inactive conformation of PDGFRa catalytic domain by linking the inter-lobe interactions of A-loop and JM regions. Substitution of serine at the same position perturbs the interactions thus destabilize the inactive conformational state of the model.

Item Type:Thesis (Masters)
Additional Information:Thesis (Sarjana Sains (Bioteknologi)) - Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 2015; Supervisor : Assoc. Prof. Dr. Mohd. Shahir Shamsir
Uncontrolled Keywords:hydrophobicity, tyrosine residue
Subjects:R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Divisions:Biosciences and Medical Engineering
ID Code:54058
Deposited By: Muhamad Idham Sulong
Deposited On:07 Apr 2016 03:24
Last Modified:15 Oct 2020 03:15

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