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Electricity consumption from renewable and non-renewable sources and economic growth: evidence from Latin American countries

Al-Mulali, Usama and Fereidouni, Hassan Gholipour and Lee, Janice Yim Mei (2014) Electricity consumption from renewable and non-renewable sources and economic growth: evidence from Latin American countries. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 30 . pp. 290-298. ISSN 1364-0321

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2013.10.006

Abstract

This study explores the effect of renewable and non-renewable electricity consumption on economic growth in 18 Latin American countries. To achieve the goal of this study a panel Gross Domestic Product (GDP) model was constructed taking the period 1980-2010 into account. From the Pedroni cointegration test results it was found that renewable electricity consumption, non-renewable electricity consumption, labor, gross fixed capital formation, and total trade are cointegrated. Moreover, the panel Dynamic Ordinary Least Squares (DOLS) test results revealed that all above the mentioned variables have a long run positive effect on GDP growth in the investigated countries. The Vector Error-Correction (VEC) Granger causality model results revealed the existence of feedback causality between the variables. The results of the study indicated that renewable electricity consumption is more significant than non-renewable electricity consumption in promoting economic growth in the investigated countries in the long run and the short run. Based on the results of this study, it is recommended that the investigated countries should increase their investment on renewable energy projects to increase the role of electricity consumption from renewable sources. In addition, it is essential that these countries should reduce their non-renewable electricity consumption by increasing their energy efficiency and implementing energy saving projects. By applying these recommendations, these countries would be able to mitigate global warming and reduce their dependency on fossil fuel to increase their energy security.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:renewable and non-renewable electricity consumption, economic growth, Latin American countries, panel data analysis
Subjects:H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor
Divisions:Geoinformation and Real Estate
ID Code:52641
Deposited By: Siti Nor Hashidah Zakaria
Deposited On:01 Feb 2016 11:52
Last Modified:30 Jun 2018 06:42

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