Universiti Teknologi Malaysia Institutional Repository

Asymmetric polysulfone-cloisite 15A® nanocomposite membrane for gas separation

Zulhairun, Abdul Karim and Ismail, Ahmad Fauzi and Mustafaa, A. (2014) Asymmetric polysulfone-cloisite 15A® nanocomposite membrane for gas separation. Jurnal Teknologi (Sciences and Engineering), 69 (9). pp. 61-65. ISSN 0127-9696

[img]
Preview
PDF
937kB

Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.11113/jt.v69.3398

Abstract

Defect-free asymmetric Polysulfone (PSF)-Cloisite 15A® nanocomposite membrane was fabricated with the intention to investigate the gas permeation behavior of the resulting material combination. Various weights of Cloisite 15A® organoclay were added into PSF matrices by solution intercalation method assisted by sonication dispersion. The gas permeation properties of the PSF-Cloisite 15A® nanocomposite membranes were evaluated by pure gases: nitrogen, methane, and carbon dioxide. The distribution of Cloisite 15A® particles in PSF matrices was analyzed by SEM. The gas flux of the PSF-Cloisite 15A® nanocomposite membranes declined as the Cloisite 15A® weight loading increased. The CO2/CH4 and CO2/N2 pure gas selectivity of PSF nanocomposite with 0.5 wt. % of Cloisite 15A® loading exceeded that of neat PSF membrane. The decrease in flux followed by the increase in pure gas selectivity was related to the way in which the clay layers were dispersed in the PSF matrices. Considerable improvement in CO2 selectivity was attainable even by incorporating low amount of such layered structure nanoparticle which can be attractive in producing robust materials for CO2-removal membranes from CO2-containing gas streams such as post-combustion and natural gas streams

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:nanocomposite membrane, layered silicate, clay minerals, exfoliation, gas separation
Subjects:T Technology > TN Mining engineering. Metallurgy
Divisions:Petroleum and Renewable Energy Engineering
ID Code:51958
Deposited By: Siti Nor Hashidah Zakaria
Deposited On:01 Feb 2016 11:51
Last Modified:29 Aug 2018 15:57

Repository Staff Only: item control page