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Assessment of photogrammetric mapping accuracy based on variation flying altitude using unmanned aerial vehicle

Udin, Wani Sofia and Ahmad, Anuar (2014) Assessment of photogrammetric mapping accuracy based on variation flying altitude using unmanned aerial vehicle. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 18 (1). ISSN 1755-1315

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/18/1/012027

Abstract

Photogrammetry is the earliest technique used to collect data for topographic mapping. The recent development in aerial photogrammetry is the used of large format digital aerial camera for producing topographic map. The aerial photograph can be in the form of metric or non-metric imagery. The cost of mapping using aerial photogrammetry is very expensive. In certain application, there is a need to map small area with limited budget. Due to the development of technology, small format aerial photogrammetry technology has been introduced and offers many advantages. Currently, digital map can be extracted from digital aerial imagery of small format camera mounted on light weight platform such as unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV). This study utilizes UAV system for large scale stream mapping. The first objective of this study is to investigate the use of light weight rotary-wing UAV for stream mapping based on different flying height. Aerial photograph were acquired at 60% forward lap and 30% sidelap specifications. Ground control points and check points were established using Total Station technique. The digital camera attached to the UAV was calibrated and the recovered camera calibration parameters were then used in the digital images processing. The second objective is to determine the accuracy of the photogrammetric output. In this study, the photogrammetric output such as stereomodel in three dimensional (3D), contour lines, digital elevation model (DEM) and orthophoto were produced from a small stream of 200m long and 10m width. The research output is evaluated for planimetry and vertical accuracy using root mean square error (RMSE). Based on the finding, sub-meter accuracy is achieved and the RMSE value decreases as the flying height increases. The difference is relatively small. Finally, this study shows that UAV is very useful platform for obtaining aerial photograph and subsequently used for photogrammetric mapping and other applications

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:aerial photography, budget control, calibration, image processing, mapping, maps, mean square error, photogrammetry, photographic equipment, rock mechanics, surveying
Subjects:H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor
Divisions:Geoinformation and Real Estate
ID Code:51945
Deposited By: Siti Nor Hashidah Zakaria
Deposited On:01 Feb 2016 11:52
Last Modified:29 Aug 2018 15:57

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