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Alteration mineral mapping using ETM plus and hyperion remote sensing data at Bau Gold Field, Sarawak, Malaysia

Amin, Beiranvand Pour and Hashim, Mazlan (2014) Alteration mineral mapping using ETM plus and hyperion remote sensing data at Bau Gold Field, Sarawak, Malaysia. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 18 (1). ISSN 1755-1315

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/18/1/012149

Abstract

The area under investigation is the Bau gold mining district in the State of Sarawak, East Malaysia, on the island of Borneo. It has tropical climate with limited bedrock exposures. Bau is a gold field similar to Carlin style gold deposits. Geological analyses coupled with remote sensing data were used to detect hydrothermally altered rocks associated with gold mineralization. The Landsat Enhanced Thematic Mapper(+) (ETM+) and Hyperion data were used to carry out mineral mapping of mineralized zones in the study area and surrounding terrain. Directed Principal Components Analysis (DPCA) transformation of four appropriate ETM+ band ratios were applied to produce DPC images, allowing the removal of the effects of vegetation from ETM+ data and the detection of separate mineral images at a regional scale. Linear Spectral Unmixing (LSU) was used to produce image maps of hydroxyl-bearing minerals using Hyperion data at a district scale. Results derived from the visible and near infrared and shortwave infrared bands of Hyperion represented iron oxide/hydroxide and clay minerals rich zones associated with the known gold prospects in the Bau district. The results show that the known gold prospects and potentially interesting areas are recognizable by the methods used, despite limited bedrock exposure in this region and the constraints imposed by the tropical environment. The approach used in this study can be more broadly applicable to provide an opportunity for detecting potentially interesting areas of gold mineralization using the ETM+ and Hyperion data in the tropical/sub-tropical regions

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:landsat-8, operational land imager, thermal infrared sensor, hydrothermal alteration mapping, porphyry copper exploration
Subjects:G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation
Divisions:Others
ID Code:51752
Deposited By: Siti Nor Hashidah Zakaria
Deposited On:01 Feb 2016 11:52
Last Modified:27 Aug 2018 11:24

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