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A catalyst-free growth of aluminum-doped ZnO nanorods by thermal evaporation

Suhaimi, Syahida and Sakrani, Samsudi and Dorji, Tashi and Ismail, Abdul Khamim (2014) A catalyst-free growth of aluminum-doped ZnO nanorods by thermal evaporation. Nanoscale Research Letters, 9 (1). pp. 1-10. ISSN 1556-276X

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1556-276X-9-256

Abstract

The growth of Al: ZnO nanorods on a silicon substrate using a low-temperature thermal evaporation method is reported. The samples were fabricated within a horizontal quartz tube under controlled supply of O-2 gas where Zn and Al powders were previously mixed and heated at 700 C. This allows the reactant vapors to deposit onto the substrate placed vertically above the source materials. Both the undoped and doped samples were characterized using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX), high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) and photoluminescence (PL) measurements. It was observed that randomly oriented nanowires were formed with varying nanostructures as the dopant concentrations were increased from 0.6 at % to 11.3 at.% with the appearance of 'pencil-like' shape at 2.4 at.%, measuring between 260 to 350 nm and 720 nm in diameter and length, respectively. The HRTEM images revealed nanorods fringes of 0.46 nm wide, an equivalent to the lattice constant of ZnO and correspond to the (0001) fringes with regard to the growth direction. The as-prepared Al: ZnO samples exhibited a strong UV emission band located at approximately 389 nm (Eg = 3.19 eV) with multiple other low intensity peaks appeared at wavelengths greater than 400 nm contributed by oxygen vacancies. The results showed the importance of Al doping that played an important role on the morphology and optical properties of ZnO nanostructures. This may led to potential nanodevices in sensor and biological applications

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Al:ZnO nanowires, catalyst-free, thermal evaporation
Subjects:Q Science
Divisions:Science
ID Code:51441
Deposited By: Siti Nor Hashidah Zakaria
Deposited On:01 Feb 2016 11:53
Last Modified:27 Sep 2018 12:13

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