Universiti Teknologi Malaysia Institutional Repository

Carbon dioxide stripping from diethanolamine solution through porous surface modified PVDF hollow fiber membrane contactor

Rahbari-Sisakht, Masoud and Ismail, Ahmad Fauzi and Rana, D. and Matsuura, Takeshi (2013) Carbon dioxide stripping from diethanolamine solution through porous surface modified PVDF hollow fiber membrane contactor. Journal of Membrane Science, 427 . pp. 270-275. ISSN 0376-7388

Full text not available from this repository.

Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.memsci.2012.09.060

Abstract

Porous asymmetric polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) hollow fiber membrane were fabricated via a phase-inversion method using surface modifying macromolecules (SMM) (1wt%) as the additive in the spinning dope. Distilled water and tap water were used as internal and external coagulation bath, respectively. The membranes were characterized in terms of gas permeation, wetting resistance, overall porosity, contact angle and collapsing pressure. CO2 stripping from diethanolamine (DEA) solutions was conducted through the gas-liquid membrane contactor. The effect of some operating conditions such as gas and liquid velocities, DEA concentration and rich solution temperature on the CO2 stripping flux and efficiency were investigated. By increasing liquid flow rate to 200ml.min-1, the maximum CO2 stripping efficiency of almost 82% was achieved. In addition, an increase in the liquid flow rate resulted in a significant increase of CO2 stripping flux. By increasing the liquid flow rate from 50 to 200mlmin-1, the CO2 flux increased by 900%. By increasing the gas velocity the CO2 desorption flux increased but this changing was negligible. The effect of rich solution temperature was investigated and the results showed that the CO2 desorption flux increased with increasing the solution temperature from 80 to 90°C. The results of DEA concentration enhancement on the CO2 desorption flux showed that the CO2 stripping flux increased drastically with enrichment of the DEA concentration from 1.0 to 3.0 (moll-1). Therefore, the higher stripping efficiency can be achieved by applying the higher liquid flow rate, temperature and DEA concentration in the absorbent liquid in the membrane contactor module.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:co2 stripping, diethanolamine (dea), hollow fiber membrane contactor, polyvinylidene fluoride (pvdf), surface modifying macromolecules (smm)
Subjects:T Technology > TN Mining engineering. Metallurgy
Divisions:Petroleum and Renewable Energy Engineering
ID Code:50554
Deposited By: Siti Nor Hashidah Zakaria
Deposited On:02 Dec 2015 10:08
Last Modified:30 Nov 2018 14:55

Repository Staff Only: item control page