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Characterization and performance of hybrid catalysts for levulinic acid production from glucose

Ya'aini, Nazlina and Saidina Amin, Nor Aishah and Endud, Salasiah (2013) Characterization and performance of hybrid catalysts for levulinic acid production from glucose. Microporous and Mesoporous Materials, 171 . pp. 14-23. ISSN 1387-1811

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.micromeso.2013.01.002

Abstract

In this work, a set of hybrid catalysts were synthesized, characterized and tested for the conversion of glucose to levulinic acid. The hybrid catalysts with 1:1, 1:2 and 2:1 weight ratios of CrCl3 and HY zeolite were prepared via the wetness impregnation method. Characterization of the hybrid catalysts using XRD, FESEM, BET, FT-IR, TGA, NH3-TPD and FT-IR of adsorbed pyridine demonstrated the catalytic reaction of the hybrid catalysts was predominantly influenced by the type of acid sites (Lewis acid), amount of acid sites and strength, surface area, hierarchical porous structures and shape selectivity. Highly reactive acid sites greatly influenced the catalytic activities of glucose in producing levulinic acid. Experimental results revealed that the hybrid 1:1 catalyst exhibited the highest catalytic performance with 62% of levulinic acid yield at 160 °C in 180 min of reaction temperature and time. The hybrid 1:1 catalyst has potential to be applied for biomass conversion to levulinic acid under adequate process conditions.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:acidity, hierarchical pore, hy zeolite, hybrid catalysts, levulinic acid
Subjects:Q Science > QD Chemistry
Divisions:Science
ID Code:49175
Deposited By: Siti Nor Hashidah Zakaria
Deposited On:02 Dec 2015 10:09
Last Modified:30 Nov 2018 14:44

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