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Establishing the prevalence and incidence of musculoskeletal disorders among welders in fabrication yard

Ab. Halim, Farah Salwani (2014) Establishing the prevalence and incidence of musculoskeletal disorders among welders in fabrication yard. Masters thesis, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering.

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Abstract

Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) compose a large part of occupational diseases in welding activities. This study was aimed at evaluation of ergonomic conditions of welders and also at assessing the relationship between MSDs and conditions of work classified by 6 types of working posture by age, working experienced and range of height. Poor working postures are associated with the development of musculoskeletal disorders. MSD hazards that were found to be present following job hazard analysis included material handling activities, work in awkward positions, and vibration exposure and repetitive motions. Many different observation methods have been developed to analyse working posture and activity. This study was performed among 57 welders using the method of Rapid Entire Body Assessment (REBA). The prevalence of MSDs was obtained by the use of the Musculoskeletal Questionnaire. In this study, the prevalence of MSDs for different body parts was: 7.5% for the arm (hand/wrist), 11% for the shoulders, 22% for back shoulder, 23% for neck, 24% for the back, 5% for the thigh, 6% for the knee and 1.5% for the leg (ankle). Job analysis by the use of REBA showed that all welding posture bending, head bent down, sitting and bending, head upward, laying down and squatting have score > 4. These means the risk level is between medium and high risk. It can be concluded that work postures of welders need to be improved. In addition to education, work equipment design, rest period during work and regular physical activities should be taken into account

Item Type:Thesis (Masters)
Additional Information:Thesis (Sarjana Kejuruteraan (Kejuruteraan Industri)) - Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 2014
Subjects:R Medicine > RC Internal medicine
Divisions:Mechanical Engineering
ID Code:48434
Deposited By: Haliza Zainal
Deposited On:15 Oct 2015 09:09
Last Modified:27 Jul 2017 12:55

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