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Synthetic BXN gene utilization in the resistance of crops to the herbicide bromoxynil - a review

Taghipour, Farhad and Huyop, Fahrul Zaman (2012) Synthetic BXN gene utilization in the resistance of crops to the herbicide bromoxynil - a review. Jurnal Teknologi (Sciences and Engineering), 59 (SUP. 1). pp. 81-85. ISSN 0127-9696

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Abstract

Modern biotechnological systems refer to the application of biological methods for the production of new substances and manipulation of genetic materials of living organisms for the benefits of human future and commercial applications. Generation of herbicide resistant crops is a very important aspect of biotechnology utilization in plant genetic engineering by using genetic materials of another plant species or organisms to generate herbicide resistant transgenic crops. Nitrile group of herbicides is a large group of chemicals mostly inhibit photosynthesis in weeds and causes many loses in agricultural crops. The bromoxynil-specific nitrilase (bxn) gene was used widely in the production of crops resistant to the herbicide Bromoxynil. The gene was originally isolated from the soil bacterium Klebsiella pneumoniae subsp. ozaenae and was successfully transformed into plant or appropriate crops of commercially interest. The encoded protein catabolizes 3,5-dibromo-4-hydroxybenzonitrile (Bromoxynil) to non-phytotoxic 3,5-dibromo-4-hydroxybenzoic acid. This review described the application of synthetic and codon-optimized bxn gene for the efficient transformation into plant resistance to Bromoxynil.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:kiv record
Subjects:Q Science > QH Natural history
Divisions:Biosciences and Medical Engineering
ID Code:47579
Deposited By: Narimah Nawil
Deposited On:22 Jun 2015 13:56
Last Modified:05 Mar 2019 10:09

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