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Recycling used palm oil and used engine oil to produce white bio oil, bio petroleum diesel and heavy fuel

Al-Abbas, M. H. (2012) Recycling used palm oil and used engine oil to produce white bio oil, bio petroleum diesel and heavy fuel. AIP Conference Proceedings, 1482 . pp. 205-209. ISSN 0094-243X

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.4757466

Abstract

Recycling waste materials produced in our daily life is considered as an additional resource of a wide range of materials and it conserves the environment. Used engine oil and used cooking oil are two oils disposed off in large quantities as a by-product of our daily life. This study aims at providing white bio oil, bio petroleum diesel and heavy fuel from the disposed oils. Toxic organic materials suspected to be present in the used engine oil were separated using vacuum column chromatography to reduce the time needed for the separation process and to avoid solvent usage. The compounds separated were detected by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) and found to contain toxic aromatic carboxylic acids. Used cooking oils (thermally cracked from usage) were collected and separated by vacuum column chromatography. White bio oil produced was examined by GC-MS. The white bio oil consists of non-toxic hydrocarbons and is found to be a good alternative to white mineral oil which is significantly used in food industry, cosmetics and drugs with the risk of containing polycyclic aromatic compounds which are carcinogenic and toxic. Different portions of the used cooking oil and used engine were mixed to produce several blends for use as heavy oil fuels. White bio oil was used to produce bio petroleum diesel by blending it with petroleum diesel and kerosene. The bio petroleum diesel produced passed the PETRONAS flash point and viscosity specification test. The heat of combustion of the two blends of heavy fuel produced was measured and one of the blends was burned to demonstrate its burning ability. Higher heat of combustion was obtained from the blend containing greater proportion of used engine oil. This study has provided a successful recycled alternative for white bio oil, bio petroleum fuel and diesel which can be an energy source.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:used engine oil, PETRONAS, viscosity specification test
Subjects:T Technology > TL Motor vehicles. Aeronautics. Astronautics
Divisions:Science
ID Code:47455
Deposited By: Narimah Nawil
Deposited On:22 Jun 2015 13:56
Last Modified:25 Apr 2019 09:21

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