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Iskandarnet IOMOS: near real-time equatorial space weather monitoring and alert system in Peninsular Malaysia

Musa, Tajul Ariffin and Leong, Shien Kwun and Abdullah, Khairul Anuar and Othman, Rusli (2012) Iskandarnet IOMOS: near real-time equatorial space weather monitoring and alert system in Peninsular Malaysia. Space Weather, 10 (11). ISSN 1542-7390

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2012SW000813

Abstract

This work proposes ISKANDARnet Ionospheric Outburst MOnitoring and alert System (IOMOS), along with Ionospheric Outburst Index (IOX) to develop an operational near real-time space weather service for Malaysia. The IOMOS is based on Global Positioning System (GPS) Network-based Real-Time Kinematic (NRTK) concept which is by nature for atmospheric (ionosphere and troposphere) modeling within the network coverage. The elegance of this solution lies in the fact that IOMOS utilize differential ionospheric residual from network of GPS baselines which incur no additional cost for operation. Users will be informed about the ionospheric perturbation through Short Message Service (SMS), email or Twitter. This approach will ultimately beneficial for the navigation and satellite positioning communities, particularly during the coming Solar Cycle 24. In addition, a combination of local and global GPS network has been employed to study the equatorial ionosphere geomorphology and climatology in the Malaysian sector. Equatorial Total Electron Content (TEC) over Malaysia shows semi-annual, annual, and seasonal variations with maximum values appearing during equinoctial months and minimum during solstices months. The TEC value during vernal equinox is about 21% higher than autumnal equinox, and December solstice exceeds that at the June solstice by around 14%. It is also found that semi-annual variation is present at all levels of solar activity, whereas June solstice predominates December solstice during high solar activity for annual and seasonal variations. In near future, a near real-time TEC derivation system will be developed to support equatorial ionosphere modeling to enhance space weather service for Malaysia.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:solstice, equatorial ionosphere, ionospheric perturbation
Subjects:H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor
Divisions:Geoinformation and Real Estate
ID Code:47135
Deposited By: Narimah Nawil
Deposited On:22 Jun 2015 13:56
Last Modified:05 Mar 2019 09:59

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