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Preliminary morphological and anatomical study of orthosiphon stamineus

Almatar, Manaf and Rahmat, Zaidah and Mohd. Salleh, Faezah (2013) Preliminary morphological and anatomical study of orthosiphon stamineus. Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biological Research, 1 (4). pp. 1-6. ISSN 2320-9267

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Abstract

This study focuses on the characterization of morphological and anatomical traits of Orthosiphon stamineus which belongs to the Lamiaceae family. Orthosiphon stamineus, better known as “Misai Kucing” or “cats whiskers” by the locals, contained active phenolics compounds such as flavanoids. Despite its wide usage as a medicinal plant, information regarding Orthosiphon stamineus specific developmental stages is relatively scarce. Furthermore, to date, no anatomical data of this plant is available. Therefore, this study aims to systematically identify the developmental stages and its anatomy which may provide more insight to its medical application. The result showed some distinct morphological and anatomical characteristics. In the morphological study, it was observed that Orthosiphon stamineus is a herbal shrub with well-developed creeping rootstock. The leaves are simple, green, and arranged in opposite pairs. The stem is approximately 28 cm in height at the stage (12 days). The flowers have long wispy stamens shaped with pale purple color. In anatomical study, the cross sections of the stem for tow stage (32) and (62) days of this plant were examined. All the detailed systematic study of this plant has not worked earlier.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:Q Science
Divisions:Biosciences and Medical Engineering
ID Code:41015
Deposited By: Liza Porijo
Deposited On:20 Aug 2014 16:19
Last Modified:27 Aug 2017 08:38

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