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Thermotolerant micro-organisms in consolidated bioprocessing for ethanol production : a review

Mienda, Bashir Sajo and Shamsir Omar, Mohd. Shahir (2013) Thermotolerant micro-organisms in consolidated bioprocessing for ethanol production : a review. Research in Biotechnology, 4 (4). pp. 1-6. ISSN 2229-791X

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Abstract

Microorganisms that withstand high temperatures (thermotolerant) will continue to gain global significant prominence in consolidated bioproduction of ethanol. Consolidated bioprocessing (CBP) technology, is an approach that merged together enzyme production, saccharification and fermentation in a single vessel. It offers considerable advantages for the production of bioethanol. It seems promising because of its reduction in utilities, substrate and raw material simplification during operation, making it cost effective. High temperature CBP is preferred, because cellulolytic optimum enzyme performances occur at elevated temperature of around 50°C. While on the other hand, optimum microbial fermentation occur best at temperature between 28°C - 37°C. This necessitates the search for more thermo tolerant micro-organisms as suitable candidates for CBP. Despite the advances seen in this technology, it uses only highly engineered microbial strains, which poses public health risks and environmental concern. As promising as the approach might be, there are, as yet, no wild types microbial strain has been isolated that perform CBP at the required elevated temperatures. This review will focus on the recent features of CBP technology, its advantages and drawbacks towards the production of bioethanol, and provide selected characteristics features of some thermotolerant micro-organisms for the process compatibility. Furthermore, perspectives, challenges and emerging new directions were also briefly highlighted.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:Q Science
Divisions:Research Management Centre
ID Code:40914
Deposited By: Liza Porijo
Deposited On:20 Aug 2014 16:15
Last Modified:22 Aug 2017 11:39

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