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Risk factors responsible for the spread of meningococal meningitis: a review

Umaru, Emmanuel Tanko and Muhamad Ludin, Ahmad Nazri and Majid, Mohammed Rafee and Sabri, Soheil and Moses P., Chingle and Enegbuma, Wallace and Abdrazack, Nelson Tajudeen A. (2013) Risk factors responsible for the spread of meningococal meningitis: a review. International Journal of Education and Research, 1 (2). pp. 75-104. ISSN 2201-6740

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Meningococcal meningitis is an air borne disease that has affected every region of the world for over a century now. The disease has a strong relationship with some certain factors which are categorised into socioeconomic factors, social behaviour, climate and environmental factor, demography, respiratory tract disease and geographical localization. In most countries of the world there are sporadic cases from time to time, which implies that the meningococcal bacteria is endemic there but at low level. There is an area that spans sub-Saharan Africa called the meningitis belt where large epidemics occur regularly. The paper describes the various factors that have influenced the spread of the disease in different regions of the world. Risk factors for meningococcal meningitis disease were reviewed. The paper has clearly identified the most important factors like the socioeconomic level, climate and environment, urbanization level, geographical localization, respiratory Tract/Viral Infections, social behaviour, demography and recreational spaces as the cause of the spread of meningococcal meningitis. Having the knowledge of how these factors influences the spread of the disease will go a long way in helping in the prevention strategies by the relevant authorities.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:N Fine Arts > NA Architecture
Divisions:Built Environment
ID Code:40769
Deposited By: Liza Porijo
Deposited On:20 Aug 2014 16:15
Last Modified:09 Aug 2017 16:13

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