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Structural analysis and modeling comparison of primates’ amyloid ßa4 protein

Jalali, Fahimeh (2013) Structural analysis and modeling comparison of primates’ amyloid ßa4 protein. Masters thesis, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Faculty of Biosciences and Bioengineering.



Amyloid protein originally termed "beta-protein" or "amyloid A4" which is indicated as "beta A4." Amyloid beta A4 protein is proteolytically derived from a transmembrane protein named amyloid precursor protein (APP) which is encoded by an extensively expressed gene on chromosome 21. Mutations in Amyloid ßA4 gene cause the plaques which are composed of a tangle of regularly ordered fibrillar aggregates called amyloid fibers, and abnormal accumulation of amyloid fibrils make protein misfolding diseases so that it leads to amyloidosis and neurodegenerative disorder like Alzheimer diseases (AD) or Parkinson diseases (PD).Currently there are 91 structure of Amyloid beta A4 protein have been predicted in various species, but there is no presently concrete evidence that shows Amyloid beta A4 model in primates. This study was focus on Amyloid beta A4 protein information and analyzed using bioinformatics software such as: Uniprot, Deep View, PDB (protein data bank), Swiss Model, Jal View, BLAST, VMD(Visual molecular dynamics), NCBI(National center for biotechnology information) therefore those of programs help us to predict and create a new model of 3D structure for this protein and they are useful for analysis multiple alignment, simulation , image processing for ßA4 protein sequence, illustrate conserved regions and residues of protein between different species (human being and primates) to indicate comparison of their structural features and their gen properties to this end 8 primates were chosen. Based on the analysis of this comparison demonstrated that some of the primates are highly conserved with their template (Homo sapiens) and they have similar primary and tertiary structure with template .The reason of this issue is that in all of them the protein’s gene location is on chromosome 21 as same as human gen location. On the other hand rest of chosen primates is not conserved with template and their structures are totally different with Homo sapiens due to APP gene location is on chromosome 3 instead of chromosome 21. This information was gathered from GenBank which is the genetic sequence database, an annotated collection of all publicly available DNA sequences

Item Type:Thesis (Masters)
Additional Information:Thesis (Sarjana Sains (Bioteknologi)) - Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 2013; Supervisor : Dr. Shahir Shamsir
Uncontrolled Keywords:amyloid beta, protein precursor, laboratory manuals, alzheimer disease
Subjects:Q Science > Q Science (General)
Divisions:Biosciences and Bioengineering
ID Code:40534
Deposited By: Siti Zulaiha Salim
Deposited On:21 Aug 2014 02:10
Last Modified:11 Sep 2017 08:41

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