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Lewis acidic ionic liquids as new addition catalyst for oleic acid to monoestolide synthesis

Adnan, Nadia Farhana and Mohamad Nordin, Nor Asikin and Hamzah, Noraini and Yarmo, Mohd. Ambar (2010) Lewis acidic ionic liquids as new addition catalyst for oleic acid to monoestolide synthesis. Joumal of Science and Technology, 2 (2). pp. 25-34. ISSN 2229-8460

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Estolide compound has a large potential in many industrial applications such as biodegradable lubricants and in cosmetic formulation. In this study, monoestolide can be prepared by addition reaction of oleic acid under vacuumreflux and solvent free condition for 10 hours at 85 °C in the presence of solid zinc chloride anhydrous (ZnCl2), choline chloride (ChCl) and ionic liquids (IL) ChCl-ZnCl2, ChCl-FeCl3, ChCl-SnCl2, ChCl-CuCl2 as homogenous acid catalysts. These reactions were compared with common homogenous catalyst namely sulfuric acid (H2SO4). The FTIR analysis show that addition reaction using the above catalysts showed the presence of three new peaks at 1732 cm-1 for C=O ester, 967.0 cm-1 for trans-CH=CH and 1176 cm-1 for C-O-C which confirmed the existence of monoestolide. The LC-MS results showed peak for the present of new monoestolides at retention time (tR) 12.3 min corresponding to m/z 563.48. Among the IL, ChCl-ZnCl2 surprisingly exhibited higher activity which is 98 % acid oleic conversion and 80 % selective for the synthesis of monoestolides. As a result, this IL gave two potential functions as a solvent as well as a green catalyst for monoestolide synthesis from oleic acid.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:acidic ionic liquids, monoestolide synthesis
Subjects:Q Science > QD Chemistry
ID Code:37939
Deposited On:30 Apr 2014 15:49
Last Modified:15 Feb 2017 09:41

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