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The electronic band structure of GaBiAs/GaAs layers: influence of strain and band anti-crossing

Batool, Z. and Hild, K. and Hosea, Thomas Jeffrey Cockburn and Lu, X. and Tiedje, T. and Sweeney, S. J. (2012) The electronic band structure of GaBiAs/GaAs layers: influence of strain and band anti-crossing. Journal of Applied Physics, 111 (11). pp. 1-7. ISSN 0021-8979

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.4728028

Abstract

The GaBixAs1-x bismide III-V semiconductor system remains a relatively underexplored alloy particularly with regards to its detailed electronic band structure. Of particular importance to understanding the physics of this system is how the bandgap energy E-g and spin-orbit splitting energy Delta(o) vary relative to one another as a function of Bi content, since in this alloy it becomes possible for Delta(o) to exceed Eg for higher Bi fractions, which occurrence would have important implications for minimising non-radiative Auger recombination losses in such structures. However, this situation had not so far been realised in this system. Here, we study a set of epitaxial layers of GaBixAs1-x (2.3% <= x <= 10.4%), of thickness 30-40 nm, grown compressively strained onto GaAs (100) substrates. Using room temperature photomodulated reflectance, we observe a reduction in E-g, together with an increase in Delta(o), with increasing Bi content. In these strained samples, it is found that the transition energy between the conduction and heavy-hole valence band edges is equal with that between the heavy-hole and spin-orbit split-off valence band edges at similar to 9.0 +/- 0.2% Bi. Furthermore, we observe that the strained valence band heavy-hole/light-hole splitting increases with Bi fraction at a rate of similar to 15 (+/- 1) meV/Bi%, from which we are able to deduce the shear deformation potential. By application of an iterative strain theory, we decouple the strain effects from our experimental measurements and deduce E-g and Delta(o) of free standing GaBiAs; we find that Delta(o) indeed does come into resonance with E-g at similar to 10.5 +/- 0.2% Bi. We also conclude that the conduction/valence band alignment of dilute-Bi GaBiAs on GaAs is most likely to be type-I.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Band gap energy, Deformation potential
Subjects:Q Science
Divisions:Science
ID Code:33884
Deposited By: Fazli Masari
Deposited On:23 Sep 2013 13:55
Last Modified:30 Nov 2018 14:39

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