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The study of watershed retention approach to identify water resources problems at Johor watershed

Othman Ali, Rawshan (2013) The study of watershed retention approach to identify water resources problems at Johor watershed. Masters thesis, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Faculty of Civil Engineering.

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Abstract

Rapid growth of urban area is threatening the watershed and reduces the sustainability. Since the principle of water quantity problem mitigation is to increase the capacity of available storage in the watershed, this study is done for the evaluation of watershed management using watershed retention capacity approach. The main approach of this study is the water balance. It use for use to check the reasonability data, to analyze watershed retention, and then to identify the solution for water problems. The result shows that 31% of the total becomes river discharge while 68% becomes evapotranspiration and only 1% becomes storage (groundwater). The Johor watershed retention capacity was calculated as 3885mm, and 14% of it comes from Linggui Dam, whose capacity is 760 MCM (553mm). The histogram of Johor river discharge shows that the droughts are more frequent as compared to floods. Considering the flood and drought volume it is found that the best option to mitigate such problems is by constructing a dam/reservoir. When install the reservoir with about 1462 MCM (with storage depth of 1064 mm), the river discharge become the moving average. This project can stop the floods, but only reduce the drought into 7% frequency. Different scenarios of water management were conducted to mitigate flood and drought completely. However no scenario has lower than 1064 mm of reservoir capacity. Therefore, a reservoir with capacity of 1796 mm (2468 MCM) is considered as better option since the capacity is minimum in order to fulfil the Johor watershed requirements as well as the water requirements of Singapore. The minimum discharge for this option is 21m3/s while maximum discharge is 50m3/s.

Item Type:Thesis (Masters)
Additional Information:Thesis (Sarjana Kejuruteraan (Awam - Hidraul dan Hidrologi)) - Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 2013; Supervisor : Dr. Arien Heryansyah
Uncontrolled Keywords:water resources development, water-supply
Subjects:H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor
Divisions:Civil Engineering
ID Code:33852
Deposited By: Kamariah Mohamed Jong
Deposited On:28 Nov 2013 18:47
Last Modified:21 Jun 2017 08:27

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