Universiti Teknologi Malaysia Institutional Repository

Mining and mapping of protein-protein interaction associated with dementia and related diseases

Lee, Sheau Chen (2013) Mining and mapping of protein-protein interaction associated with dementia and related diseases. Masters thesis, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Faculty of Biosciences and Medical Engineering.

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Abstract

Dementia is a multi-causal syndrome caused by various types of neurodegenerative diseases. Symptoms of dementia include short memory, muscle contraction, poor judgement and it is the effect caused by gradual brain cell death. There is a need to understand the fundamental causes of this syndrome as dementia is historically well-documented with new cases increasing steadily every year yet it is still incurable. In this study, protein-protein interaction in diseases that have been shown to be associated with dementia such as Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, and Huntington's disease were mined and mapped. Results indicated that, nine proteins are found to be interconnected between four different diseases. Six out of nine proteins that belong to Fatal Familial Insomnia are also found in Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease. Although Alzheimer’s disease has the most complex interaction map, only two proteins coexist in Frontotemporal Dementia and one protein in Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease. The interaction data of diabetes, hypertension and hypercholesterolemia were also mapped by adding into the map and seven proteins were found to be associated with Alzheimer’s disease and two proteins with Parkinson’s disease. The interconnector proteins were examined in gene co-expression database and some of the functional interactions were found to interact physically. Proteins that interact physically will initiate a reaction while functional interaction shows co-expression of some proteins on a specific location at a time. These results demonstrated how the combination of the protein-protein interaction data and functional interaction data obtained from gene coexpression database was useful to predict their possible relationship, in which the functional interactions are potentially interacting physically. This study allowed the prediction of protein-protein interaction through the combination of functional interaction and physical interaction as a methodology in proteomic studies.

Item Type:Thesis (Masters)
Additional Information:Thesis (Sarjana Sains (Biosains)) - Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 2013; Supervisor : Assoc. Prof. Dr. Mohd. Shahir Shamsir Omar
Uncontrolled Keywords:dementia, alzheimer's disease
Subjects:R Medicine > RC Internal medicine
Divisions:Biosciences and Medical Engineering
ID Code:33224
Deposited By: Kamariah Mohamed Jong
Deposited On:20 Feb 2014 09:22
Last Modified:12 Sep 2017 15:59

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