Universiti Teknologi Malaysia Institutional Repository

Identification and recovery of fingerprints from glass fragments in molotov cocktail cases

Sayed Mohamad, Syed Ahmad Nazmi (2013) Identification and recovery of fingerprints from glass fragments in molotov cocktail cases. Masters thesis, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Faculty of Science.

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Abstract

Increasing reports on Molotov cocktail cases in the local media has warrant a need for a detailed investigation of the perpetrator of the crime. A study is therefore embarked to compare fingerprint quality recovered from glass fragments of Molotov cocktails. The accelerants used were petrol, kerosene, diesel and motor oil. Different types of accelerant were used to observe the effect of accelerant on the quality of fingerprint recovered from glass fragment of Molotov cocktails. In the study, Molotov cocktails were exploded and glass fragments bearing fingerprint marks were collected and transported back to laboratory for analysis. Prior to fingerprint analysis, soot were removed from glass fragment using three techniques of brushing, NaOH (2 %) wash solution and tape lifting. After soot removal, enhancement fingerprint were done by using methods such as dusting method, superglue fuming method and Small Particle Reagent (SPR) method. Then, fingerprints from glass fragment of Molotov cocktails were identified by manual matching. Powder dusting method was used for sample petrol only because most of glass fragment were obtained in dry condition. Other than that, superglue fuming method was used in majority of sample whether Molotov cocktails were allowed to burn out naturally or the fire was extinguished using water. Small particle reagent method was mostly used for the wet glass fragment. Fingerprints recovered were photographed and were sent for manual matching. Based on the enhancement fingerprint method used, most of the latent fingerprint was developed with various qualities. Based on the percent recovery, SPR method shows the best recovery (43.75 %) at the scale 3 fingerprint, followed by superglue fuming and dusting powder. In manual matching method, percentage success rate in the case where fire of Molotov cocktails was allowed to burn out naturally was 55.56 % while in the case of fire extinguished using water, percentage success rate was 33.33 %. This study also showed that manual matching method of fingerprints recovered from Molotov cocktails with fingerprint obtained from suspect or standard can be done.

Item Type:Thesis (Masters)
Additional Information:Thesis (Sarjana Sains (Sains Forensik)) - Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 2013; Supervisors : Assoc. Prof. Dr. Mohd. Shahru Bahari, Supt. Ng Song Huat, Azlimin Mat Noor
Uncontrolled Keywords:criminal investigation, forensic sciences
Subjects:Q Science > Q Science (General)
Divisions:Science
ID Code:33189
Deposited By: Kamariah Mohamed Jong
Deposited On:05 Sep 2013 15:38
Last Modified:17 Sep 2017 09:57

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