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Thermodynamic analysis of carbon dioxide reforming of methane in view of solid carbon formation

Saidina Amin, Nor Aishah and Nikoo, M. Khoshtinat (2011) Thermodynamic analysis of carbon dioxide reforming of methane in view of solid carbon formation. Fuel Processing Technology, 92 (3). pp. 678-691. ISSN 0378-3820

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fuproc.2010.11.027


A thermodynamic equilibrium analysis on the multi-reaction system for carbon dioxide reforming of methane in view of carbon formation was performed with Aspen plus based on direct minimization of Gibbs free energy method. The effects of CO2/CH4 ratio (0.5-3), reaction temperature (573-1473 K) and pressure (1-25 atm) on equilibrium conversions, product compositions and solid carbon were studied. Numerical analysis revealed that the optimal working conditions for syngas production in Fischer-Tropsch synthesis were at temperatures higher than 1173 K for CO2/CH4 ratio being 1 at which about 4 mol of syngas (H2/CO = 1) could be produced from 2 mol of reactants with negligible amount of carbon formation. Although temperatures above 973 K had suppressed the carbon formation, the moles of water formed increased especially at higher CO2/CH4 ratios (being 2 and 3). The increment could be attributed to RWGS reaction attested by the enhanced number of CO moles, declined H2 moles and gradual increment of CO2 conversion. The simulated reactant conversions and product distribution were compared with experimental results in the literatures to study the differences between the real behavior and thermodynamic equilibrium profile of CO2 reforming of methane. The potential of producing decent yields of ethylene, ethane, methanol and dimethyl ether seemed to depend on active and selective catalysts. Higher pressures suppressed the effect of temperature on reactant conversion, augmented carbon deposition and decreased CO and H2 production due to methane decomposition and CO disproportionation reactions. Analysis of oxidative CO2 reforming of methane with equal amount of CH4 and CO2 revealed reactant conversions and syngas yields above 90% corresponded to the optimal operating temperature and feed ratio of 1073 K and CO2:CH4:O 2 = 1:1:0.1, respectively. The H2/CO ratio was maintained at unity while water formation was minimized and solid carbon eliminated.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:carbon dioxide, carbon formation, gibbs free energy, methane, reforming, thermodynamic equilibrium
Subjects:Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA75 Electronic computers. Computer science
Divisions:Chemical and Natural Resources Engineering
ID Code:29782
Deposited By: Fazli Masari
Deposited On:21 Apr 2013 03:32
Last Modified:13 Feb 2017 07:51

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